84 F. average high for July 17.
93 F. high on July 17, 2011.
22 days at or above 90 F. so far in 2012 in the Twin Cities.
Today: coolest day in sight (80s) with a slight chance of a shower or T-storm.
55% of USA currently in moderate drought (or worse); largest percentage since December, 1956. NCDC.
170 all-time record highs across the USA in June. Source: NOAA NCDC.
10:1. Ten times more record highs than record lows, nationwide, since January 1. NCDC.
June, 2012: 4th warmest on record, worldwide, since 1880 according to NOAA. Details below.
Photo credit above: "Four rows of corn left for insurance adjusters to examine are all that remain of a 40-acre cornfield in Geff, Ill. that was mowed down Monday, July 16, 2012. Over ten days of triple digit temperatures with little rain in the past two months is forcing many farmers to call 2012 a total loss." (AP Photo/Robert Ray)
More Tuesday Records. Data courtesy of NOAA.
Photo credit above: Washington Post. "The drought of 2012: Effects of the drought are growing. Here is a look at the drought and at effects that may cost the U.S. economy $50 billion."
Measuring Significant Drought Years. PBS is doing a great job reporting on the intensifying drought, specifically the PBS Newshour (6 pm on Channel 2, KTCA-TV). Here's an excerpt of a recent drought overview: "More than half of the continental United States was in moderate to extreme drought in June -- including corn- and soybean-producing states -- damaging crops and impacting prices at the grocery store. Some say if the hot, dry weather continues, this year's drought could rival the "dust bowl" years of the 1930s: "It's a critical time of pollination for corn, and the dryness is impacting yield," said Brian Fuchs, climatologist with the National Drought Mitigation Center at the University of Nebraska in Lincoln. "Soybeans come a little later, but with the dryness and heat, it's still stunting growth." Overall, commodities markets are responding in anticipation of a reduced harvest and in turn, any users of the products in their raw form are seeing prices increase, he said. Joe Glauber, chief economist at the U.S. Department of Agriculture, said poor people who spend more of their income on food are impacted the most."
Graphic credit above: "Source of maps: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The Palmer index, developed in 1965 by W.C. Palmer, compares the amount of precipitation in an area to the average amount expected."
Topsoil Moisture Monitoring. NOAA CPC released a map showing the percentage of every state in the USA that is short on topsoil moisture: 53% in Minnesota, 82% in Wisconsin, 92% Iowa and 98% across Illinois and Missouri, where drought conditions are much worse.
Twin Cities – 92.9 (2012) 83.4 (average)
Chicago- 93.9 (2012) 84.1 (avg)
Philadelphia – 92.4 (2012) 87.1 (avg)
Indianapolis 96.8 (2012) 85.2 (avg) highest difference I found. more than 10 degrees
St. Louis 98.7 (2012) 89.1 (average)
Baltimore 94.1 (2012) 87.8 (average)
Washington Reagan Airport 95.1 (2012) 88.5 (avg)
Louisville, KY 96.1 (2012) 87.8 (avg)
Kansas City 96.7 (2012) 88.2 (avg)
Denver 92.8 (2012) 88.2 (avg)
Photo credit above: "In this July 14, 2012, photo, boaters make their way towards Mud Island along the exposed banks of the Mississippi River, in Memphis, Tenn. A year after nearly record floods, the Mississippi River level has dropped so low that it's beginning to affect commercial operations. Port managers worry that their passages to the river could fill up with silt, and barge operators may have to lighten their loads." (AP Photo/Nikki Boertman)
Graphic above: NOAA June temperature anomalies. "
Graphic credit above: "Red and orange indicate areas of the world where dry soil conditions are more likely to precede heat waves." (PNAS / July 16, 2012)
Images above courtesy of NASA.
Photo credit above: "Photograph courtesy of the DC3 team and NASA Langley Research Center's James Crawford. Caption by Adam Voiland with information from James Crawford."
Photo credit above: "Rade Kovac / Shutterstock"
Photo credit above: "Pedestrians walk in the rain past the Tower Bridge displaying the Olympic rings Saturday, July 14, 2012 as London prepares for the 2012 Summer Olympics."" (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong)
Graphic credit above: Gallup and politico.com.
Paul's Conservation Minnesota Outlook for the Twin Cities and all of Minnesota:
* long range models are hinting at a more significant dip in temperature and humidity Wednesday and Thursday of next week.
Photo credit above: "In this 2007 photo, an iceberg is seen melting off the coast of Ammasalik, Greenland." John McConnico/AP/File
"Smoking causes cancer. Carbon pollution causes extreme weather."
"It really doesn’t have to be more complicated than that. We dump billions of tons of carbon pollution into the atmosphere each year. As a result, the concentration of carbon dioxide has increased by 40 percent. Excess carbon dioxide traps excess heat in the atmosphere. Excess heat causes extreme heat waves, droughts and storms. And that’s what we have been seeing. In June alone, 170 all-time high temperature records were broken or tied in the United States, and more than 24,000 daily high temperature records have been broke so far this year. If the climate weren’t changing, we would expect to see about the same number of record highs and record lows set each year due to random fluctuations. That’s what we were seeing 50 years ago, but during the last decade there were twice as many record highs as record lows. So far this year the ratio has been 10 to 1."
Photo credit above: Brad Birkholz.
Photo credit above: Meteorologist John Pollack, courtesy of omaha.com.
Exxon: "Just Adapt To Warming". Here's an excerpt of an Op-Ed from The Statesman Journal: "(Exxon CEO Rex) Tillerson conceded “I’m not disputing that increasing CO2 emissions in the atmosphere is going to have an impact,” he said. “It’ll have an impact.” Exxon has participated in the International Panel on Climate Change panels, authoring and peer reviewing many subcommittee papers, “So we are very current on the science ...” But if you think Exxon is surrendering to policies that curb the use of their product to slow global warming, think again. The fears are overblown, he says, the modeling is inexact and it’s all “manageable.” We’ll just adapt, as humans have always done.No need for policies to reverse the global warming trend, all the consequences do is “require us to exert — or spend more policy effort on adaptation.”
"At the moment, your department is planning to consider the effects of the pipeline on “recreation,” “visual resources,” and “noise,” among other factors. Those are important—but omitting climate change from the considerations is neither wise nor credible. The vast volumes of carbon in the tar sands ensure that they will play an important role in whether or not climate change gets out of hand; understanding the role this largescale new pipeline will play in that process is clearly crucial."