Above and Beyond
Here's a good ROI, return on investment. Every U.S. citizen pays $4/year to fund NOAA, the agency that provides the forecasts, severe weather warnings & raw data streams to power Doppler & weather satellites - the fuel that powers every weather forecast made in this country.
Now I'm free to interpret the data differently than another forecaster, but if NOAA went away we'd be back in the 1800s, staring up at an Amish Doppler (west-facing window).
Local Weather Service forecasters, unpaid, considered "unessential personnel", braved 4-6 foot drifts, hiking ON FOOT to get to their office and keep emergency operations going, during what was probably the worst October blizzard on record at Rapid City.
A friend measured 50" snow (without the drifts) at the High School in Lead, South Dakota!
My point: countless government employees are working through the pain of no pay and lingering uncertainty to save lives and get things done. We owe them a debt of gratitude.
Another soul-soothing spell of 70s lingers into Friday; late-week showers ushering 50-degree highs early next week. Long-range ECMWF models hint at a suburban frost risk next Wednesday, almost 2 weeks later than average.
* Doppler radar photo above courtesy of Reid Wolcott.
- 21.5 inches of snow fell on Friday night in Rapid City – the highest single-day snowfall for October since record keeping began around the 1890s.
- The National Weather Service has recieved reports of 43 inches of snow in Lead and 48 inches in Deadwood.
- More than 38,000 properties across the Black Hills remain without power..."
* Typhoon Danas landfall likely near Nagasaki, Japan and Busan, South Korea by Tuesday afternoon (local time) as a Category 1 storm, capable of 5-10" rains and a 4-8 foot storm surge from Nagasaki to Fukuoka, Yamaguchi and Hiroshima. Busan and Ulsan, South Korea will also see major impacts later in the day Tuesday with extensive urban flooding expected.
* Flash flooding, mudslides and facility disruptions are possible along the northern coastline of Japan (mainly Kyushu and Chugoku Prefectures).
Summary: Things are quieting down in the USA, but western Japan and far southern South Korea are bracing for Typhoon Danas on Tuesday (local time). Although the storm is weakening steadily it's still capable of moderate to major storm surge and inland flooding Tuesday into Wednesday, local time. Osaka and Kyoto may see significant rains, but the core of the storm should pass north, sparing those major city center as well as Tokyo.
Photo credit above: "Newport Beach and Laguna Beach firefighters work to put out a mulch pile at a nursery near Santiago Canyon in Orange County, Calif. Sunday, Oct. 6, 2013. The blaze, reported late Sunday morning, quickly spread to surrounding wild vegetation, said Orange County Fire Authority Capt. Steve Concialdi. No homes were threatened." (AP Photo/The Orange County Register, Stuart Palley).
TODAY: Sunny, windy & warm. Winds: South 15-30. High: 78
TUESDAY NIGHT: Clear and dry. Low: 55
WEDNESDAY: Lukewarm sun, still pleasant. High: 76
THURSDAY: Partly sunny, feels like September. Wake-up: 52. High: 73
FRIDAY: Fading sun, PM showers likely. Wake-up: 56. High: 71
SATURDAY: Partly sunny, drying out. Wake-up: 53. High: 64
SUNDAY: Intervals of sun, feels like fall. Wake-up: 50. High: 58
MONDAY: Mix of clouds & sun, cool. Wake-up: 45. High: 56
* slight risk of a suburban frost by Wednesday of next week.
** photo above: Mike Hall.