45 F. high in the Twin Cities Tuesday.
31 F. average high for December 4.
29 F. high on December 4, 2011.
.8" snow has fallen so far this winter season in the metro area.
11.5" should have fallen at KMSP since September 1.
7.8" snow had fallen last winter, as of December 4.
The four coastal observatories will include:
- A Doppler wind profiling radar, which reveals the speed and direction of winds at several altitudes aloft;
- A technique for extracting critical information from wind profiler data — the level in the atmosphere where falling snow turns to rain;
- Global positioning system (GPS) water vapor instruments, which measure the total amount of water vapor above the site; and
- Standard meteorological instruments (relative humidity, temperature, pressure, rain gauge)."
1) Building a More Weather and Climate Resilient Society
Hurricane Sandy, which killed 85 people in the U.S. and caused at least $72 billion in damage in New York and New Jersey alone, highlighted the need to bolster the resilience of coastal cities so that they can withstand the increasing threat posed by the 1-2 punch of global warming-related sea level rise and major storms. Steps that may need to be taken include installing sea walls or storm surge barriers to better protect populated areas, as well as potentially retreating from some vulnerable locations that are almost certain to flood again, given current sea level rise projections. It could also involve reforming the federal flood insurance program, which currently provides incentives to rebuild in vulnerable areas..."
Satellite image credit: NASA.
2001: Warm December day with a high of 63 degrees at the Twin Cities. Summer-like thunderstorms developed and dropped quarter-sized hail at the Eyota Post Office in Olmsted County.
1979: December warmth: 52 at St. Cloud, 54 at Browns Valley.
1928: Canby received three inches of snow or greater for the third consecutive day.
Paul's Conservation Minnesota Outlook for the Twin Cities and all of Minnesota:
WEDNESDAY NIGHT: Mostly cloudy, sprinkle or light shower possible. Low: 35
Photo credit above: "A skier glides down a slope in Austria. Climate change threatens to alter winter weather patterns, which would affect beloved outdoor pastimes." Photo by Dominic Ebenbichler/Reuters.
"One possible explanation for these low levels of belief certainty and perceptions of the threat as distantis that climate change is difficult to perceive directly; `climate’ itself is a statistical abstraction, even though its impacts can be quite tangible. Current theories of cognitive science suggest that learning about abstractions requires analytical information processing, which involves cognitive efforta scarce commodity, which people expend sparingly. Both low motivation to think about climate change and low ability to comprehend scientific information can impede people’s processing of the charts, graphs and models in the climate scientist’s toolkit.In other words, climate change is hard to really see in one’s daily life, and understanding it requires “analytic information processing”—otherwise known as thinking. That’s not something people have a lot of time, inclination (and perhaps ability) to do..."