January 20, 1982: Just over 17 inches of snow falls in the Twin Cities. Amazingly, it was to be outdone two days later.
January 20, 1917: 16 inches of snow falls in the Twin Cities. Source: MPX National Weather Service.
Cold Perspective: No Volcanic Ash in 7-Day Outlook
Perspective is elusive, especially when you're in a tight spot. Our weekend cold wave was noteworthy, coming after a balmy autumn and start to winter. Tuesday was our 9th subzero morning. During an average winter we enjoy 22.5 nights below 0F. So far 126 hours below zero this winter at MSP.
At least there are no active volcanoes upwind. Susie Martin is a meteorologist at Aeris Weather. Her mom.
lives in San Jose, Costa Rica, one of the greenest, lushest, most desirable spots on Earth. But the Poas Volcano keeps sputtering nearby, raining down a continuous drizzle of ash that gets everywhere.
"You have no idea how bad the air is today. The volcano erupted again and there is ash everywhere.
The airport is closed again!" Elisa Martin e-mailed.
So we have that going for us.
While the east coast freaks out over Snowmageddon, The Sequel (some 1-2 foot snow amounts possible this weekend) Minnesota's weather remains relatively tranquil. An inch of snow is possible late Thursday; highs hit 30F from Saturday into most of next week.
A modest warming trend - and no volcanic ash in sight.
* Photo credit of Poas Volcano in Costa Rica courtesy of AerisWeather meteorologist Susie Martin.
Image credit above: "Every El Nino is different, but they tend to produce above-average precipitation during the winter months across parts of the United States as well as Alabama." (Climate.gov).
10 Billion Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters in 2015. Here's an excerpt from NOAA: "...The U.S. has sustained 188 weather and climate disasters since 1980 where overall damages/costs reached or exceeded $1 billion (including CPI adjustment to 2015). The total cost of these 188 events exceeds $1 trillion. In 2015, there were 10 weather and climate disaster events with losses exceeding $1 billion each across the United States. These events included a drought event, 2 flooding events, 5 severe storm events, a wildfire event, and a winter storm event. Overall, these events resulted in the deaths of 155 people and had significant economic effects on the areas impacted. The 1980–2015 annual average is 5.2 events (CPI-adjusted); the annual average for the most recent 5 years (2011–2015) is 10.8 events (CPI-adjusted). Further cost figures on individual events in 2015 will be updated when data are finalized..."
59 Cold Facts About Winter. Here is a link to the site referenced in the column, Random History.com, with a few factoids that made me do a triple-take:
- The Southern Hemisphere typically has milder winters than the Northern Hemisphere. This is because the Southern Hemisphere has less land and a more maritime climate.
- While it seems counterintuitive, Earth is actually closest to the sun in December, even though winter solstice is the shortest day of the year.
- According to the Guinness World Records, on January 28, 1887, a snowflake 15 inches wide and 8 inches thick fell in Fort Keogh, Montana, making it the largest snowflake ever observed. (Image credit: NOAA).
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TODAY: Mostly cloudy, "milder". Winds: S 5-10. High: 23
WEDNESDAY NIGHT: Patchy clouds. Low: 23
THURSDAY: Coating to 1" of snow possible. Winds: N 5-10. high: 25
FRIDAY: Better chance of seeing the sun. Winds: NW 5-10. Wake-up: 14. High: 22
SATURDAY: Mostly cloudy, trending milder. Winds: S 10-20. Wake-up: 15. High: 29
SUNDAY: Dripping icicles, thawing out. Winds: SE 3-8. Wake-up: 21. High: 32
MONDAY: Cooler, dusting of flurries? Wake-up: 26. High: 29
TUESDAY: Some sun, above "average". Wake-up: 18. High: near 30
3rd Annual Minnesota Climate Adaptation Conference on January 28. If your state agency or business is already seeing impacts from a more volatile climate you should consider attending - a few spots are still available. Here's more information on who, what, where and why from Dr. Mark Seeley:
"We are trying to nurture an educated community of practitioners when it comes to climate adaptation and sustainability, and we are slowly succeeding. In past statewide conferences we have heard from a number of academic researchers and government practitioners concerning sustainability strategies and procedures that give consideration to climate change, but this year we will hear more from the business and corporate community (morning plenary session on climate adaptation and sustainability), as well as a panel of city mayors in the afternoon plenary session.
The CAP Conference will take place on January 28, 2016 at the Doubletree Hotel in Brooklyn Center, MN. Many of the presentations and discussions will center on the need for sustainability as an underlying principle when it comes to considerations of climate change and how it will affect management of our natural resources, our societal infrastructure, and the future of products and services from the highly competitive corporate world This would be a valuable discussion for our wider community to hear, and perhaps even foster some closer working relationships among the partnerships of practitioners we are trying to build."
More information and a link to online registration is here.
Church of England and New York State Fund to Press Exxon on Climate Change. Here's the intro to a Wall Street Journal story: "New York’s state pension fund and the Church of England, both investors in Exxon Mobil Corp. , plan to file a shareholder resolution demanding the largest U.S. oil company assess the impact on its business of climate change policy. The shareholder resolution would require Exxon to conduct an assessment of how its business would fare in the event governments take various actions to limit global warming. Government attempts to tax or put a price on carbon, for example, could affect the viability of some of Exxon’s long-term investment plans, said Edward Mason, head of responsible investing for the Church of England, which has a portfolio of about £10 billion ($14.44 billion)..."
Photo credit above: " " Photo: Reuters.
Illustration credit above: "Pacific and Atlantic meridional sections showing upper-ocean warming for the most recent complete decade. Red colors indicate a warming (positive) anomaly and blue colors indicate a cooling (negative) anomaly." (Source: Timo Bremer/LLNL)
* More perspective on the massive amounts of heat going into the world's oceans at Discovery News.
Image credit above: Shutterstock.
Here's Why Satellites Aren't The Best Way to Measure Global Temperature Trends. Here's the intro to a Guardian article at Raw Story: "Satellites don’t measure the Earth’s temperature. Senator Ted Cruz (R-TX) and his fellow climate contrarians love the satellite data, but as Carl Mears of the Remote Sensing Systems (RSS) satellite dataset and Ben Santer recently wrote ,
they are not thermometers in space. The satellite [temperature] data … were obtained from so-called Microwave Sounding Units ( MSUs ), which measure the microwave emissions of oxygen molecules from broad atmospheric layers. Converting this information to estimates of temperature trends has substantial uncertainties.Scientists process the raw microwave data, applying a model to make numerous adjustments in order to come up with a synthetic estimate of the atmospheric temperature..." (Image above: NOAA).
How Reliable are Satellite Temperatures? Here's a link to a YouTube video from Yale Climate Connections: "We often hear from climate deniers that satellite measurements of global temperature are "the best data we have"? But is that true? Here, interviews with leading climate scientists, including Carl Mears, who keeps the dataset that he says Senator Ted Cruz, and others, are misusing."
Scientists process the raw microwave data, applying a model to make numerous adjustments in order to come up with a synthetic estimate of the atmospheric temperature..."they are not thermometers in space. The satellite [temperature] data ... were obtained from so-called Microwave Sounding Units (MSUs), which measure the microwave emissions of oxygen molecules from broad atmospheric layers. Converting this information to estimates of temperature trends has substantial uncertainties.
Graph credit above: "Estimates of the temperature of the lower troposphere from satellites by RSS vs. weather balloons by NOAA (RATPAC)." Created by Tamino at the Open Mind blog.
Graphic credit: Lawrence Livermore/Nature Climate Change.
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