January 6, 1942: The temperature rises from 32 below zero to 41 above in 24 hours in Pipestone.
Ice Bowl 2016? Subzero Sunday - Windchill: -30F
We had just gotten a new color (!) TV and I vaguely remember watching the Packers battle the Cowboys on December 31, 1967, in what came to be known as the "Ice Bowl". It was -15F at Lambeau Field, with a wind chill of -44F.
Whistles froze onto the lips of referees. Members of the band were hospitalized for hypothermia. Cars wouldn't start; one Green Bay player had to hitchhike to the stadium.
It won't be quite that cold on Sunday at TCF Stadium as the Vikes take on the Seahawks, but the risk of frostbite & hypothermia will be high. I expect game time temperatures of -5F, a wind chill of -30 to -35F. The "no exposed skin" rule will definitely apply Sunday, again Tuesday as a second spoke of subzero fun rotates across Minnesota.
It's rare to get this cold without some snow. I see two chances to freshen up our snow cover: an inch of slush later today, maybe a couple inches Friday into early Saturday as a weak storm spins up along the leading edge of truly polar air.
Next week should be the coldest of the winter. I predict Sunday's game may rival the legendary 1967 Ice Bowl.
Map credit: ECMWF-predicted wind chills at 18z (1 PM) Sunday, in the -30 to -35F range in the Twin Cities. Source: WeatherBell.
Photo credit above: "Small birds like this European robin puff up their feathers in order to trap more air in them, which is then warmed by their body heat and keeps the bird toasty on a cold winter morning." (Flickr photo by Theirry Marysael).
Graphic Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Fine particulate matter data are geographically aggregated daily measures of fine particulate matter in the outdoor air per cubic meter, spanning the years 2003-2011. PM2.5 particles are air pollutants with an aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 micrometers."
Map credit above: "The high cost of flooding. NRDC found that FEMA spent $48.6 billion 1998 to 2014, predominantly to repair or replace public buildings ($12.6 billion), public utilities ($7.4 billion), roads and bridges ($5.5 billion), and water-control facilities like levees, dams, and pumps ($1 billion)."
This Year's El Nino Is On Track to Rival the Worst on Record. Here's the intro to a story at Huffington Post: "The El Niño of 1997-98 was the worst on record. It caused an estimated 23,000 deaths worldwide as widespread drought, flooding and other natural disasters rocked the globe. The catastrophic weather system also caused the most devastating coral bleaching in recorded history, killing off about 16 percent of the world’s reef systems. In the U.S., the total economic impact of that year’s El Niño was between $10 billion and $25 billion. Sounds bad? Well, according to NASA, we may now be facing an equally-destructive El Niño; one that's poised to only worsen in the first few months of 2016..."
What North America Can Expect From El Nino. Every El Nino has a different "flavor" and slightly different symptoms, no two events are identical, according to a good overview at The Conversation; here's an excerpt: "...During the coming months, climate scientists expect that El Niño will pull the east Pacific Northern Hemisphere jet stream and its associated storm track southward. Normally these storms veer to the north toward the Gulf of Alaska or enter North America near British Columbia and Washington, where they often link up with cold Arctic and Canadian air masses and bring them down into the United States. Instead, with the jet stream following an altered path, the northern states are likely to experience relatively mild and drier-than-normal weather. Storms tracking across the continent further to the south will likely create wet conditions in California and across the South as far east as Florida..."
Photo credit above: " " Dave Gatley/FEMA.
Wettest and Warmest December "Won't Become Norm for Decades". The BBC recaps a springlike December across the United Kingdom, complete with record warmth and record rains; a preview of winters to come? "...Storms propelled by the jet stream were mainly to blame, it says, with contributions from the El Nino weather phenomenon and man-made climate change. December was something of a freak month, it acknowledges. It says climate change has raised UK temperatures by around 1C (1.8F) so far, so it will be many decades before this level of extreme weather becomes the new winter norm. Other scientists say that with climate change, there will be no "normal" weather..."
Photo credit above: "An abandoned car is submerged near the River Isla near Meikleour, Scotland Monday Jan, 4, 2016. Many parts of Britain are still suffering from the recent floods that have struck the country in the last 2 weeks." (Hilary Leverton Duncanson /PA via AP.
Image credit above: "Typhoon Kilo, Tropical Storm Ignacio, and Hurricane Jimena in the Pacific Ocean are captured by Japan's Himawari satellite on Sept. 2." JMA/NOAA.
Photo credit above: "
TODAY: Overcast. wet snow arrives PM hours, maybe an inch late. Winds: S 8-13. High: 33
WEDNESDAY NIGHT: Wet snow tapers to flurries, slushy roads. Low: 30
THURSDAY: Flurries taper, mainly wet roads. High: 34
FRIDAY: Couple inches of slushy snow? Winds: N 10-15. Wake-up: 30. High: 33
SATURDAY: Flurries taper, colder wind kicks in. Winds: NW 10-20. Wake-up: 17. High: 19 (falling)
SUNDAY: Frostbite risk, feels like -30F. Winds: NW 10-20. Wake-up: -8. High: -3
MONDAY: Mostly cloudy, still frozen. Wake-up: -10. High: 5
TUESDAY: Touch of the polar vortex. Ouch. Wake-up: -4. High: 1