October 28. Average high for October 28 in the Twin Cities is 52 F.
55 F. high at Morton, Minnesota yesterday (Redwood County).
40 mph + wind gust were observed around the state yesterday.
0 nights below zero so far in the Twin Cities. On average MSP should see 7 nights at/below zero in December.
43 F. Record high in Duluth yesterday, breaking the old record of 43 F. on December 26, 1908.
1" slushy snow possible in the metro Thursday night.
Record Warmth. Check out Monday's highs, courtesy of the National Weather Service. Temperatures were 25-35 degrees above average statewide. Amazing.
3" snow so far at Buffalo, New York. That's 27" below normal, to date.
-12.3 C. New all-time record high temperature set at the U.S. South Pole Station on Christmas Day, 2011.
4.2" snow in Amarillo, Texas on Christmas Day; snowiest in 72 years.
1 minute. The Twin Cities area has picked up approximately 1 additional minute of daylight since Dec. 21. That will increase to 3 minutes by Saturday, New Year's Eve.
168 billion e-mails sent every 60 seconds, worldwide. From a Business Insider article and infographic below.
94 billion e-mails sent every year, worldwide.
"Friends are God's apology for relations." - Hugh Kingsmill.
"The only rock I know that stays steady, the only institution I know that works is the family." - Lee Iococca
* photo above courtesy of thechive.com.
An Amazing Dearth Of Snow. I can't remember a winter with so little snow as of December 25, not 2006, 2002, even 1997. Brown ground is clearly visible in yesterday's NASA "MODIS" high-resolution visible satellite image. Some snow is visible over the MN Arrowhead, northern Wisconsin and northern Lower Michigan - otherwise there's precious little snow - even in some of the traditional snow belts downwind of the Great Lakes.
Predicted Snowfall Through New Year's Eve. The latest GFS model is predicting a couple inches of snow for far northern Minnesota; a potentially plowable accumulation for northern New England, with the first significant lake-effect snow event shaping up from Cleveland to Buffalo and Rochester, New York.
Thursday Night Coating? Yes, this is about as exciting as it's going to get into the first week of January - a potential for a slushy inch or so of snow Thursday night. Nothing but a few (pathetic) dribs and drabs of snow.
How The AO, NAO and PNA Affect Winter Weather Patterns. EverythingWX has an excellent explanation of winter blocking patterns. The bottom line: westerlies may ease a bit by mid January, allowing colder air to surge southward into the Lower 48 States. Big storms often spin up along the leading edge of these fresh (arctic) airmasses. Nothing is imminent, but my gut is that the potential for accumulating snow will increase by mid January. Yes, we're due: "When the AO is negative, surface pressure is higher than normal in the polar region and lower than normal in the mid-latitudes. This means the westerlies are not as strong since the pressure gradient force is weaker, and the cold air is able to move southward into the mid-latitudes. Currently the AO is extremely positive, thus the frigid air is being bottled up in the polar regions. The AO is forecast to become less positive over the next two weeks, and this should allow for periods of cold air to sink southward into eastern parts of the country, especially as it approaches zero during the first week of January.
Irene Tops 2011 Stories In Vermont. The Burlington Free Press has the story: "MONTPELIER -- Throughout that last week of August, Vermonters watched as Hurricane Irene made its way up the East Coast. People stocked up on batteries and bottled water, but few expected the state to become the focal point of the storm's wrath, and when Irene hit, it caused epic damage from Waterbury to Whitingham. In a few hours, Irene dumped up to 11 inches of rain on the spine of the Green Mountains, quickly turning peaceful streams into raging torrents that passed their anger into bigger brooks and rivers, destroying or damaging more than 500 miles of roads and 200 bridges.Six people were killed and hundreds of homes damaged or destroyed, with thousands of people left homeless. The state office complex in Waterbury was made unusable, and the state hospital was evacuated." Photo above courtesy of the AP.
Remarkable Numbers. Check out the highs from yesterday - 40s and 50s statewide. NO 30s, even up north! Highs ranged from 41 at International Falls to 47 Brainerd, 49 St. Cloud, a record 52 in the Twin Ciites and 53 at Redwood Falls.
Paul's Conservation Minnesota Outlook for the Twin Cities and all of Minnesota:
TODAY: Sunny and windy, more December-like. Winds: NW 15-25. High: 33
TUESDAY NIGHT: Mostly clear - still warmer than average. Low: 23
Earthquakes, Floods, And Everything In-Between Socked New Jersey In 2011. Here's a story from AP and The Republic: "Mother Nature, it seemed, was awfully moody. Rising global temperatures may play a role in the dramatic climatic shifts, Robinson said. The year already qualifies as the wettest on record, and is expected to finish as the warmest as well. "Sometimes the atmosphere tends toward extreme patterns, and other times it's more benign," he said. "That's part of normal fluctuations. At the same time, the warmth is part of an ongoing upward trend of temperatures. As the atmosphere is warmer, it can hold more moisture, so there may be some linkage between us getting warmer and us getting wetter."
Retreat Of Glaciers Makes Some Climbs Tougher. A story from The New York Times: "Like Mr. Fowler, mountaineers around the world find themselves forced to adjust to a warming world. Routes that were icy or glaciated in the middle part of the past century, when the world’s highest peaks were being conquered for the first time, are turning into unstable and unappetizing rock. “Almost every area and route in every range have been affected,” said Jeff Jackson, editor of Rock and Ice , a climbing magazine. The main issue, scientists and climbers say, is that as permafrost, ice and glaciers melt, they leave areas of teetering rock. Some rock formations high in the mountains have essentially been held together by ice, which “acts as a glue,” said Christian Schlüchter, a professor at the University of Bern’s Institute of Geological Sciences." Photo above courtesy of USGS.